01 Dec20

What to do when someone is having a seizure?

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Witnessing someone having a seizure can be a frightening experience. You need to act quickly and be there for them without panicking. Although you can’t do anything to stop the seizure, there are things you can do to protect them from injury. Most seizures aren’t an emergency and are caused due to changes in the brain’s electrical activity. If a person has a tendency to have seizures, they could be diagnosed with epilepsy. If epilepsy is not treated, seizures may occur throughout a person’s life and can become more severe and more frequent.


Seizures don’t always require medical help. You need to call 911 if:

  1. The seizure occurred when the individual is in water due to which there’s been an intake of water (a bath, shower, or while swimming).
  2. The seizure lasted longer than five minutes, as they could require emergency treatment.
  3. The person can’t breathe, as they could have lost consciousness.
  4. A second seizure follows.
  5. The person is pregnant, as the seizure could result in complications.
  6. The person suffers from additional ailments, like diabetes, etc.
  7. The person is injured due to a fall during the seizure.

  1. Stay with the person to assist them after the seizure has stopped.
  2. Remove objects around them so they don’t get injured.
  3. Use a soft bag or a jacket to cushion their head and prevent an injury.
  4. Time the seizure. The person could be having two or more continuous seizures which could cause long-term damage.
  5. Turn them onto one side – this will help with their breathing. If the person throws up, they won’t choke on it.
  6. After the seizure stops, speak calmly to the individual and explain what happened.
  7. If the person having a seizure is in a wheelchair, apply the brakes to prevent them from moving or crashing into something.
  8. Support them so they don’t fall off the wheelchair and injure themselves.
  9. If they are in the water, try to get their head above the water so that they can breathe.
  10. Move them to a shallow area and call for help or emergency services.
  1. Don’t leave the person alone – try to protect them from injury and call for help.
  2. Don’t restrain them as their movements are uncontrolled and they could become more aggressive.
  3. Avoid crowding them to allow space to breathe and move.
  4. Avoid acting in a frenzied manner. Talk calmly and reassure them.
  5. Don’t put anything in their mouth as they might bite into it and injure themselves.
  6. Avoid giving them anything to eat or drink immediately after the seizure. They could have another seizure or choke on it if they haven’t fully recovered.
  7. If in a wheelchair, don’t take them off as they could fall or injure themselves.
  8. If they are in the water, definitely don’t leave them there to avoid drowning.
  9. Don’t restrain their movements in the water but try and get them to safety.

Wearing a medical device is highly beneficial for people with seizures.Inspyre™ by SmartMonitor detects the repetitive motion of a person during a seizure and it instantly sends text and phone calls to multiple family members and care providers. The app also collects valuable information such as parameters, heart rate, and audio of the events, to share with doctors and help in providing enhanced treatment. Lastly, as one of the best seizure monitoring apps, Inspyre™ reminds epilepsy patients to take their prescribed medication on time with prompt reminders.

Check out the website for more information. If you have children in school during the Covid-19 Pandemic, head over to our blog to read about Covid-Safety For Children With Epilepsy.